Typhoons are not an unusual occurrence in the Philippines. But despite the fact, many of us tend to forget the necessary actions to do when this natural disaster hits us.
In light of the recent devastation caused by Supertyphoon Haiyan (local name: Yolanda), let us review the things that we need to undertake before, during and after a typhoon hit.
- Inspect your house if necessary repair/fixing is needed. (eg. Roof, doors, windows, ceilings)
- Before typhoon strikes, you must clean up your house’s drainage system so it won’t get clogged up.
- Store an adequate supply of food and water that would last for a few days. Canned goods are ideal especially if cooking is not possible.
- Put everything in your house in an elevated position especially items that generate electricity so that water won’t penetrate into them in case floodwater rushes inside your house.
- Harvest crops that can be yielded immediately.
- For fishing folk, place boats in a safe area.
- If you are living in a lowland, hazard prone and/or risked areas, the ideal resort is to evacuate as early as possible.
- Always keep flashlights, candles, and batteries and first-aid supplies available.
- It is important as well to have an available transistor radio (battery – powered incase power supply will be unavailable) so you can be updated about the typhoon and its current location.
- Frequently listen to your local radio, television or visit Weather Philippines for storm advisories on the progress of the typhoon.
- Stay inside the house and keep calm. Postpone any travel.
- Monitor to your local radio, television or visit Weather Philippines for storm advisories on the progress of the typhoon.
- In case of flooding, turn off the main sources of electricity to prevent electrical accidents.
- Avoid wading through flooded areas to avoid water-transmitted diseases.
- Do not operate any electrical equipment during a flood.
- Do not use gas or electrical appliances that have been flooded.
- Keep an eye on lighted candles or gas lamps.
- Heed the advice of the local authorities if they ask you to evacuate your area. If there is a need to move to an evacuation center, follow these reminders:
- Evacuate calmly.
- Close the windows and turn off the main power switch.
- Put important appliances and belongings in a high ground.
- Avoid the way leading to or along the river.
After the Typhoon
- Monitor to your radio, television or visit Weather Philippines for storm advisories on the progress of the typhoon.
- Check your house for damage and make necessary repairs at once. Avoid scattered debris especially tin and lumber as there may be rusty nails protruding.
- Wear proper safety gear and equipment when working in hazardous areas.
- If your house was damaged, make sure that it is already safe and stable when you enter.
- Have a knowledgeable person inspect electrical connections before using electrical appliances.
- Watch out for live wires or outlet immersed in water.
- Report damaged electrical cables and fallen electric posts to the authorities.
- Beware of dangerous animals such as snakes that may have entered your house.
- Boil water before drinking it to avoid diseases.
- Avoid contaminated food resulting from the lack of electricity and refrigeration.
- Do not let water accumulate in tires, cans or pots to avoid creating a favorable condition for mosquito breeding that can cause dengue.